Grapes are popular throughout the world for their crunchy surface and sweet taste. Grapes are at the second place of the most popular fruit after oranges. A grape can be eaten as is or it can be used in vegetable and fruit salads.They also can be canned in jellies and crushed for juice or wine .Freezing grapes makes for a refreshing snack on hot summer days. Grapes were introduced to America by the Spanish explorers approximately 300 years ago. Grape growing is one of the largest food industries in the world.
Grapes come in more than 50 varieties all over the world. Some common varieties of grapes are blue, black, green, red, golden, blue-black, white and purple.
The two main types of grapes are the American and European. They both come in seeded and seedless varieties. Common varieties include Thompson, Flame, Ruby, Perlette and Tokay grapes.
Golden raisins are prepared from these types of grapes.
The production of grapes is more than 72 million tons all over the world. There are approximately 25 million acres of grapes throughout the world.
It takes about 1,13 kilos of grapes to produce a bottle of wine.
Grapes consist of about 80% of water, which make them a low-calorie snack or dessert. Raisins or dried grapes consist of about 15% of water.
Grapes contain flavonoids that give vibrant purple color to grapes, red wine and grape juice.
One grape cluster has on an average 75 grapes.
One grape vine can grow up to 15m long and can have about 40 clusters of grapes.
Eating too many grapes can give a laxative effect.
Fresh grapes can be stored in the refrigerator for about 2-3 days, when kept in a plastic bag or a covered container.
Grapes are known for having a high nutritional value. Grapes are rich in vitamin C and vitamin K. They contain low levels of cholesterol, fat and sodium. Grapes are known for containing proteins, carbohydrates, dietary fibers, vitamins, minerals, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, riboflavin, thiamin, folic acid and amino acids. They contain high amounts of caffeic acid, which is a strong cancer-fighting substance. Grapes contain flavonoids, which are powerful antioxidants.
Grapes can help prevent a number of health problems. They can be used to cure asthma, heart diseases, constipation, indigestion, migraine, kidney diseases, Alzheimer’s disease and fatigue. Grapes increase the levels of nitric acid in the blood and prevent the development of blood clots. They minimize the risk of heart attacks. Grapes play a significant role in curing dyspepsia. Grape juice replenishes iron content in the body. Grapes also can prevent muscular degeneration and cataract, associated with aging. Grapes contain pterostilbene, which can reduce the levels of cholesterol. Grapes also have anticancer properties and antibacterial activity.